• KGS/USD = 0.01118 0%
  • KZT/USD = 0.00222 0%
  • TJS/USD = 0.09131 0%
  • UZS/USD = 0.00008 0%
  • KGS/USD = 0.01118 0%
  • KZT/USD = 0.00222 0%
  • TJS/USD = 0.09131 0%
  • UZS/USD = 0.00008 0%

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Uzbekistan to Help Afghanistan Repair Hairaton – Mazar-e-Sharif Railroad

Uzbekistan Temir Yollari (Railways) will help Afghanistan repair a section of the Hairaton - Mazar-e-Sharif railroad connecting the two countries. One-hundred-and-twenty workers workers from Uzbekistan went to Naibabad station to carry out the first stage. Freight cars will also be delivered there, and rehabilitation work will be carried out at Hairaton Station and on the 57th kilometer of the line. Officials from Uzbekistan and Afghanistan agreed to repair the road on favorable terms last November. The Hairaton - Mazar-e-Sharif railroad was built for $129 million in 2010, and is currently maintained by Uzbekistan Temir Yollari's subsidiary, Sogdiana Trans. In April 2022, the Afghan authorities wanted to transfer the management and operation of the line to local companies based on the low cost of their services. However, these plans remained unrealized. Currently, Uzbekistan and Afghanistan are negotiating a trilateral project to build the Trans-Afghan railroad and provide preferential tariff rates for railway transportation. Its launch will speed up cargo delivery between Uzbekistan and Pakistan to 3-5 days, and make it three times cheaper. According to initial calculations made by Uzbekistan Temir Yollari in 2022, the cost of the railway was estimated at $4.6 billion for five years. The Committee on Railway Infrastructure of the Senate of Pakistan then made its own calculations and announced a figure of $8.2 billion. At the end of last year, the Ministry of Transport of Uzbekistan reduced those calculations to $7 billion, and proposed an option to implement a public-private partnership under a format called Build-Operate-Transfer. By the end of last year, trade between Uzbekistan and Afghanistan grew more than sixfold, totaling $266 million annually, with more than 98% of that coming from Uzbek exports.

Kazakhstan to Increase Production of Auto Components

A conference was recently held in Astana to discuss the localization of automotive components production in Kazakhstan. Kazakh and foreign investors are currently channeling more than $900m to organize manufacturing of auto components in the country, to make vehicles more affordable for drivers.  At the conference, Shyngys Suyunbaev, deputy chairman of the Industry Committee at the Ministry of Industry and Construction, said that automakers in Kazakhstan are now required to gradually increase the production of vehicles using the Completely Knocked Down (CKD) method from 20% of the total number of vehicles produced in 2024 up to 50% in 2027.  “To deepen the localization and development of CKD production of vehicles, the development of the automotive component base is required. Currently, projects are being implemented in Kazakhstan for the production of exhaust systems, bumpers, sandwich panels, polyurethane mats and plastic parts, multimedia, seats, wheels, tires, cylinder heads, mechanical gearboxes, and batteries,” Suyunbaev said. The president of the Kazakhstan Automobile Union, Anar Makasheva, commented that the industry has significantly increased production rates and domestically-assembled vehicles are now more popular among the population. According to Ms Makasheva, in 2023 the production of passenger and commercial vehicles in Kazakhstan increased by 30%, and sales of vehicles increased by more than 60%. The share of domestically assembled cars in the market was 70.7% in 2023. “Localization of auto components production will be the starting point for the transition of domestic automotive enterprises to a more complex level of production,” Makasheva added. In 2023, 148,900 motor vehicles were manufactured in Kazakhstan. Local automakers assemble passenger and commercial vehicles by brands including Chevrolet, Lada, Kia, Renault, JAC, Hyundai, Golden Dragon, Shacman, Dongfeng, Daewoo, Yutong, and Iveco.

Kyrgyzstan Sees Surge In Car Imports From China

In 2023 Kyrgyzstan imported 79,131 cars worth nearly $1.2bn from China, an almost 45-fold increase compared to the 1,773 cars imported in 2022, the National Statistics Committee has reported.  The import of cars from South Korea also increased, reaching 50,397 for almost $435m.  The sharp increase in Kyrgyzstan’s car imports is largely due to the zeroing out of customs duties of the Eurasian Economic Union on the import of electric vehicles from third countries. Kyrgyzstan is a member of the EEU, together with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Russia.    Since the introduction of Western sanctions against Russia over its invasion of Ukraine, China has become the main supplier of new cars to the Russian Federation. Chinese vehicles are mainly exported to Russia via Central Asian countries. In total, 184,789 cars worth $2.7bn were imported into Kyrgyzstan last year, a 4.5-fold increase since 2022. At the same time, in 2023 Kyrgyzstan re-exported 8,733 cars worth $69.6m, almost nine times more than in 2022. Most of the cars were re-exported to Russia — 6,253 for $52.5m, and 2,374 cars worth $10.8m were sent to Kazakhstan.

Kyrgyzstan’s Military Blasts Mountains With Anti-Aircraft Guns for Avalanche Safety

The country's hydro-meteorological center recently announced a storm warning, with worsening weather conditions in the mountains and the risk of avalanches. To ensure the safety of citizens, the military, together with rescuers and public utilities, are working to clear snow. Unstable weather is expected for almost all of February, according to forecasts. That means avalanches are to be expected. Kyrgyzstan's main cities, Bishkek and Osh are connected by a single 620-kilometer highway that passes through picturesque but dangerous mountain passes. It's here in the Too Ashuu and Ala Bel passes that many accidents occur. Multiple avalanches have occurred in the past few days, and temporary restrictions on the passage of heavy trucks have been put in place on some sections of the road, whilst other sections are completely closed until the threat is eliminated, according to the Ministry of Transport. Therefore, the military have been deployed. "Today the task force of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Kyrgyz Republic and artillery of the Ministry of Defense of the Kyrgyz Republic fired on the 247th, 255th and 250th kilometers of the Bishkek-Osh highway. As a result, 23,230 cubic meters of snow were dislodged," the Kyrgyz Emergencies Ministry said. According to rescuers, the shelling was delivered by a Soviet-made KC-19 anti-aircraft gun with live fragmentation projectiles. The gun's range is up to 15 kilometers.

EDB To Help Tajikistan’s Somon Air Buy Two Aircraft

The Eurasian Development Bank (EDB) on February 7th said it is working to provide $100m in funding to Tajikistan’s Somon Air, so that the national air carrier can acquire two Boeing 737 aircraft. Somon Air plans to procure two Boeings in 2024. The airline’s passenger traffic has been on the rise since 2020 and surpassed pre-pandemic levels last year, reaching 787,600 passengers in 2023 compared with 672,500 in 2019. Presently Somon Air operates its primary passenger flights with a fleet consisting of six Boeing 737 aircraft of various modifications. EDB is a multilateral development bank with member countries including Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, and Tajikistan. 

Bishkek Plans A Cable Car Line

Following Tashkent in neighboring Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan’s capital Bishkek is planning to build a cable car line to help solve the city’s transport problems.  On January 30th in Flums, Switzerland, Bishkek’s mayor Aibek Junushaliev met with Roland Bartholet, the CEO of the engineering company Bartholet Maschinenbau AG. The parties signed an agreement and approved a plan to build a cable car line in Bishkek. The city of Bishkek’s press service called the agreement an important step in the modernization of its urban infrastructure, aimed at providing comfortable transport options for people in the city. Last month the city of Tashkent and the Chinese company Beijing North Bartholet Ropeway Technology agreed on a project to introduce a cable car service in the Uzbek capital. Beijing North Bartholet Ropeway Technology is a joint venture with Bartholet Maschinenbau AG. 

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