Kyrgyz Banks Urged to Unite and Create Single ATM Network

The chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers of Kyrgyzstan, Akylbek Zhaparov, has urged the consolidation of the nation’s ATMs into one network in a speech at the Bishkek International Financial Forum, stating that the government has been unable to reduce commissions on transfers through banks for two years. 24.kg reports.

“This problem has always been there, and it has hindered us. But today, when we are working on the transfer of most payments on a cashless basis, you cannot expect a passive position from us. I have addressed both the National Bank and the Ministry of Economy several times and entrusted the issue to the Ministry of Economy. Therefore, it’s probably time for us to study and adopt the experience of other countries on legislative regulation of fee collection for inter-bank transfers,” said Zhaparov.

The Cabinet of Ministers believes that banks should stop spending a lot of money on installing ATMs as this wastes time and resources, and proposes that banks unite and create a single ATM structure. Zhaparov emphasized the development of digital payment technologies and increasing the share of non-cash payments as essential growth pillars, noting that work is being done in two directions to implement the digital concept: choosing the right technological solution and harmonizing legislative acts to introduce the legal status of the digital system.

“The introduction of the digital som contributes to the country’s economic development by providing a more efficient payment system and stimulating innovation in financial technology. We are pursuing the goal of increasing innovation capacity in the banking sector. Realizing the possibility of protected and secure information exchange between the banking sector participants will allow the development of new products and services and increase their availability and integration,” said Zhaparov.


Times of Central Asia

Photo: Kamilla Turakhodjaeva

The Power of Kindness: Psychologist Kamilla Turakhodjaeva Promotes the Value of Volunteering in Tashkent

In an ever-challenging world, volunteering is becoming a powerful tool to help and support people facing difficulties. In Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan, this activity has become increasingly important, uniting people who care about making the world a better place.

Kamilla Turakhodjaeva, a psychologist at the first children’s hospice in Uzbekistan and head of the volunteer initiative, Power of Kindness, shares her experience of the challenges faced by volunteers, the qualities required for such work, and how the state supports their noble efforts.


TCA: How long have you been volunteering in Tashkent, and what prompted you to engage in this activity?

Working as a psychologist at the first children’s oncology hospice in Tashkent since it opened in August 2022, I have long been attracted to the activities of various hospices elsewhere and realized that volunteers play a key role in the life of such institutions. These people give their time and energy to make the patients’ stay more comfortable and enjoyable. They provide a variety of recreational and educational activities, help celebrate holidays, and provide support to both the patients and their families. Thanks to volunteers, a hospice provides not only medical care, but also mental support and a place where patients can safely voice their concerns.

However, because many of us are intimidated by words such as hospice and cancer, it is not always clear how best to support and communicate with people facing such difficult situations.

The importance of good practice at a time when people are afraid and in need of attention spurred the organization of ‘Training in Hospice and Hospital Care.’ To date, four streams of volunteers who participated in the course have either stayed with the hospice or are offering their help to cancer hospitals and societies for people with disabilities.

The course covers important topics including skills in communicating with patients, the organization of workshops and how volunteers can take care of themselves to avoid ‘burning out.’

“The Power of Good” came about by chance, out of a desire to help improve our country’s treatment of those less fortunate than ourselves. All volunteers engaged in this initiative have completed a training course and are ready to offer their support in a way that will harm neither themselves nor others.


TCA: What areas or issues in the community have you chosen to volunteer in, and why are they important to you?

Our first task was offering help to medical facilities, but over time, we realized that we have the resources to help in other areas as well. We hold various educational workshops at the Millennium Society for people with disabilities. Many of the adult members are unfortunately, unable to secure official employment and earn a decent living. All the Millennium children are very talented and hardworking, and our task is to channel their abilities in the right direction. The girls knit toys, make jewelry and handmade soap, which we sell at Teplomarket fairs. Volunteers have now developed a course especially for them, aimed at promoting their personal brand. The project has already proved very successful and born from a humble idea, we now have a veritable store of Anastasia’s handmade soap!

In addition, we raise funds for surgeries and treatment. Thanks to kind-hearted people, we were able to cover the costs of surgery for  six-month-old Gavhar as well as  radiation therapy for Tatiana.

Over the ten months since we launched the initiative, we have held 25 masterclasses, participated in 4 fairs, distributed 21 ‘charity boxes’ of food to needy families and organized a charity concert. Modest numbers, but this is just the beginning.


TCA: What challenges have you experienced during your volunteer work in Tashkent? Can you provide any specific examples?

Volunteering has given me the gift of meeting many amazing charitable people. I know that there are many in our world who are ready to give their kindness and warm those who feel cold. It’s just that people don’t know how or where to realize it. My job is to connect these incredible people, highlight the areas where help is needed, and then watch the magic happen!

A year ago, I started with an idea. I really wanted to make palliative care in the city a little better. I realized that people deprived of their basic needs -food, clothing, safety- will never think about their psychological problems, so with volunteers in the city’s oncology clinic we began by improving living conditions. And it has now borne fruit!


TCA: What are the main goals of your volunteer work and what changes do you hope to achieve?

We strive to make volunteering an ordinary, natural phenomenon, where kindness does not arouse surprise or suspicion and instead, becomes a habitual part of our lives. Our goal is not just to help, but to introduce positive changes in society and improve the quality of life of those in need. We want to create an environment where everyone can feel supported and cared for, where kindness is the norm and help becomes a reality available to everyone.


TCA: What skills or qualities do you need to be a successful volunteer in Tashkent?

Volunteering takes many forms. Before signing up people for a course, I always ask what area a person is willing to help in, because everyone has their own personal story. Someone may wish to help because a loved one died of cancer whilst someone else, wants to earn pluses in karma. Others not ready for direct contact with the sick, may prefer to only participate in fairs;  everyone has their own fears, desires, and motives. Not all volunteers stay on after the course to help in the hospice and oncology. This is understandable, and in no way condemnable.

All contributions are valuable, whether participating in fairs, conducting workshops, talking to beneficiaries, creating flyers and publications for social networks. No volunteer is less important than another. Just because you don’t have contact with people doesn’t mean you are doing an easier job and we have a number of  ‘special’ volunteers with professional skills designated solely to creating websites, designs, research, auto-volunteering and so on.

Regarding communication with the beneficiaries, all you need is to open your ears and heart.

Our volunteers need to be responsible and show empathy, rather than pity towards our patients. But, of course, the most fundamental thing of all, is to love what you do.


TCA: How does volunteering affect your personal and professional life?

Life has become much more interesting! As the leader of the Power of Good initiative, I have additional responsibility, and being in charge, requires a lot of skills and abilities. I quickly realized that the job requires an organized and systematic approach whilst I tend to be more of a ‘firefighter’ who does everything at the last minute, albeit professionally. Allocating resources, delegating tasks and understanding the capabilities  of each team member are all key aspects of successful leadership. I am comfortable with my inner chaos, but in our initiative there are about 50 people with different temperaments, rhythms, which must be taken into account. I like it, because this is how my personality is gradually forged, and I try very hard to be a worthy leader for our team.


TCA: What do you consider the main value of volunteering for Tashkent’s society?

In my opinion, the main value of volunteering is to create a caring society. If we have an opportunity to make someone’s life better, why not use it?


TCA: What has been the response of both the local community and the state to your initiatives and projects?

The private sector helps us a lot. No matter who we approach, everyone is happy to open their doors to us. The organizers of the Teplomarket fair allow us to sell our mentees’  products without charging rent. Rafael Mirovich, the founder of Ecocafé, gave us a room for a charity concert free of charge. All the performers and the compere also waived their fees. I am touched to the core every time people are willing to share. On behalf of our initiative, I want to thank everyone who helps us! Together we are strong!


TCA: What advice would you give to people who would also like to become volunteers or activists in Tashkent?

Try it once and you are sure to realize how wonderful it is to help others!  You will get to meet interesting people, revise your own priorities, gain experience, and become a part of a truly great cause!

Remember that good begins with ourselves!


Times of Central Asia

Image: TCA

Tajikistan Doubles Down on Fines for Wearing “Foreign Clothes”

Residents of Tajikistan will face fines ranging from 8,000 to 65,000 somoni for “importing and selling clothes that do not correspond to the national culture” and for wearing such clothes in public places, as reported by Radio Ozodi. These regulations are outlined in Article 18 of the new version of the law “On Regulation of Traditions and Rites” and the Code of Administrative Offenses. The drafts were adopted by parliamentarians on May 8 this year.

“In the draft law ‘On the Regulation of Traditions and Rites,’ a corresponding prohibiting norm is included in part two of Article 18. For its violation, amendments and additions to Article 481 of the Code of Administrative Offenses provide for administrative responsibility,” explained Mavludakhon Mirzozoda, a deputy of the lower house of Tajikistan’s parliament.

Article 481 of the current Code of Administrative Offenses addresses not only Article 18, but also broader non-compliance with the norms of the Law on the Regulation of Traditions and Rites. According to this article:

  • Individuals will be fined 7,920 somoni ($733).
  • Officials will be fined 39,600 somoni ($3,665).
  • Legal entities will be fined 57,600 somoni ($5,333).
  • Individual entrepreneurs, scientists, and religious figures will be fined 54,000 somoni ($4,998).

For repeated violations, fines will range from 46,000 to 86,000 somoni. The recent amendments have updated this article, although changes to the fine amounts are yet to be confirmed. The average wage in Tajikistan is approximately $172 a month.

According to the current legislation, the amendments to the law come into force upon publication in the official press after approval by the Majlisi Milli (lower house) and the president’s signature. However, citizens are already being compelled to comply with these new regulations. The current law does not specify which clothing is considered alien to Tajik national culture.

Experts suggest that the law likely pertains to women’s national dress, although the text itself does not differentiate between men’s and women’s clothing.

Reactions within Tajik society have been mixed. Some residents of Dushanbe, during a street survey, expressed their opinion that people should have the freedom to choose their own attire without compulsion.

Tajik authorities have long campaigned to encourage the wearing of national dress and to discourage the adoption of foreign styles. They prohibit women from wearing black clothing, black headscarves, and hijabs, considering them alien to Tajik culture and traditions. Although mini-skirts, sweaters, dresses with cleavage, tops, and transparent fabrics were also banned at one point, these restrictions were quickly “forgotten.”


Times of Central Asia

Image: iStock

Turkmen Gas to Europe Mooted Again

Turkmenistan and Pakistan intend to independently finance the construction of the TAPI gas pipeline (Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India) to transport Turkmen gas to Europe, according to a statement made by Pakistani Minister, Musadiq Malik, who said the decision was driven by the international community’s reluctance to recognize the Afghan government, which has stalled foreign funding.

“Turkmenistan, rich in gas reserves and currently only selling to China, has considered exporting its gas to Europe via an LNG train,” Malik was quoted as saying by the Profit portal. The minister also talked about the idea of exporting Turkmen gas to the EU via Pakistan. According to this plan, the gas would be piped to Pakistan, and then transported to Europe by rail.

According to previous agreements, the $10 billion TAPI gas pipeline project was to be 30% financed ($3 billion) by the participants, and 70% ($7 billion) by loans from international financial institutions. Of the 30% to be allocated by the participating countries, 85% ($2.55 billion) was from to Turkmenistan, and the other 5% ($150 million each) from Afghanistan, Pakistan and India.


Times of Central Asia

pharmaceutical industry

Uzbekistan to Increase Production and Export of Medicines

Uzbekistan President Shavkat Mirziyoyev called a government meeting  on 23 May to review plans for the country’s pharmaceutical industry.

On 10 January, a road map for 2024–2025 was approved for the development of the pharmaceutical industry and the acceleration of related investment projects. This was followed by a presidential decree of 23 January which identified additional measures required to regulate the pharmaceutical sector.

To date, a budget of $100 million has been allocated for the realization of new projects in the industry, boosted by an injection of $200 million from Asakabank.

As a result, two projects worth $30.5 million have been launched over the past four months, with exports totalling $51 million.

However, a lot of potential remains untapped. To redress the balance, plans are now underway to produce pharmaceutical products worth $400 million and increase the exports to $200 million.  A total of 147 projects worth $2 billion will be launched this year alongside the commission of a further 28.

The head of state emphasized the need to increase the level of domestically produced medicines available in Uzbekistan and to ensure a balance between price and quality.

The meeting also reviewed measures to intensify the work of the innovative pharmaceutical cluster, Tashkent Pharma Park, by launching 12 projects worth $470 million.



Times of Central Asia

Photo: Kazakh Ministry of Digital Development, Innovation & Aerospace Industry

Kazakhstan and China to Cooperate on Innovative Technology

On 23 May, the Ministry of Digital Development, Innovation and Aerospace Industry of Kazakhstan hosted the first meeting of the Subcommittee on Innovative Cooperation of the Kazakh-Chinese Intergovernmental Cooperation Committee.

During the meeting in Astana, Kazakhstan’s First Vice Minister of Digital Development, Innovation and Aerospace Industry Kanysh Tuleushin, and Deputy Minister of Science and Technology of China Chen Jiachang discussed their respective countries’ cooperation in developing the 5G network, aerospace industry, and e-commerce.

The subcommittee agreed to expand cooperation in the implementation of joint scientific and innovative projects in space research, the use of microsatellites, monitoring agriculture and natural disasters using remote sensing, digitalization of the agricultural sector, and seismic monitoring.

An agreement was also reached on training young talent in the field of innovation, including short-term internships and joint scientific projects.

The co-chairs of the subcommittee pledged to exchange information on current developments in scientific and technological innovations in China and Kazakhstan.



Times of Central Asia