Kazakhstan, the largest landlocked country in the world, has emerged as a regional economic powerhouse in Central Asia, according to the International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) World Economic Outlook. The report anticipates that by 2028, Kazakhstan’s GDP will surge to $354.7 billion, marking an impressive growth of 36.8%, or a rise of $95.4 billion, compared to its position in 2023.
This projection underscores the resilient performance of Kazakhstan’s economy, which has been steadily improving over the years. As of 2023, the country’s real GDP growth was reported at an annual rate of 4.6%, with total GDP standing at $259.29 billion. Moreover, despite global economic challenges, Kazakhstan’s economy grew by 5.1% in the first half of 2023, bolstered by robust exports and fiscal stimulus.
However, the IMF cautions that the economic growth is expected to moderate to 3.1 percent in 2024 due to an uncertain economic environment. Despite this prediction, the resilience showcased by Kazakhstan’s economy in the face of global disruptions suggests a strong capacity to navigate through potential economic hurdles.
The country’s economic success can be attributed to several factors. Primarily, Kazakhstan has effectively utilized its abundant natural resources, including significant oil reserves, to fuel its economic growth. Furthermore, the government’s commitment to implementing progressive economic policies and fostering a conducive environment for foreign investment has also significantly contributed to the country’s robust GDP growth. On December 4, President Tokayev signed a decree with measures to attract investment into Kazakhstan’s economy and accelerate economic growth. Tokayev’s agenda of creating a “Just and Fair” state has involved tackling corruption and stabilizing the country through sweeping democratic reforms.
Looking ahead, the predicted growth of Kazakhstan’s GDP to $354.7 billion by 2028 presents an optimistic outlook for the nation and the region. This projection underlines the potential of Kazakhstan’s economy and reaffirms its role as a key player in the economic landscape of Central Asia and the Commonwealth of Independent States.
While the journey towards this ambitious goal will undoubtedly present challenges, the progress made by Kazakhstan thus far provides a solid foundation for continued economic growth and prosperity.