Turkmenistan opens major chemical fertilizer plant


ASHGABAT (TCA) — Turkmenistan has joined the club of the world’s largest exporters of chemical products, President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov said at the opening ceremony of Garabogazcarbamid plant in the country’s Balkan province on September 17, the State News Agency of Turkmenistan reported.

The Turkmen leader said that all production of the new plant, which is provided with advanced technologies, is oriented at export. Total capacity of the new facility built in Garabogaz is 1,155,000 tons of carbamide per year.

Speaking during the opening ceremony, President Berdymukhamedov emphasized the environmental security of the new gas chemical complex.

The construction of the Garabogazkarbamid plant was implemented based on the contract between the Turkmenhimiya State Concern and the consortium of Mitsubishi Corporation (Japan) and Gap Inşaat Yatirim ve Dis Ticaret A.S. (Turkey) with a total amount of more than US $1.5 billion.

In addition to the main workshops for the production of synthetic ammonia and urea, the new plant is equipped with a gas turbine generator for electricity production and a seawater desalination and treatment plant.

A conveyor system transports products from the plant to the dock. The old pier in the city of Garabogaz was modernized to export products by sea.

The pier, equipped with the latest technologies, is capable to serve two vessels simultaneously. The special equipment produced by the German company FAM, two 80-ton loaders of the Liebherr company were installed at the pier to load the goods onto vessels.

Garabogazkarbamid plant is designed to process about one billion cubic meters of natural gas daily, to produce 2,000 tons of synthetic ammonia daily and 3,500 tons of urea fertilizer.

The carbamide produced at the plant contains 46.2% of nitrogen. This indicator is considered to be the highest among nitrogen-containing and nitrogen fertilizers.

Technologies of the Danish company Haldor Topse AS are used for the production of ammonia. The carbamide synthesis workshop uses technologies of the Italian company Saipem, the carbamide granulation unit uses technologies of the Netherlands company Uhde Fertilizer Technology, and the carbon dioxide purification shop uses the UOP technologies (USA).

The Yokohama company (Japan) ensured the full automation of the technology management system.

Within the framework of the project, 10 two-story apartment buildings with improved conditions were built for 40 families. Over 1,000 jobs were created at the enterprise.

Sergey Kwan